上海体育学院学报

2019, (05) 30-40

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儿童青少年超重与肥胖的成因及社会网络干预
Factors and Social Network Interventions of Overweight and Obesity in Children and Adolescents

王军利;项立敏;张松奎;翟丰
WANG Junli; XIANG Limin; ZHANG Songkui; ZHAI Feng

摘要(Abstract):

采用文献资料法对全球儿童青少年超重与肥胖流行现象及成因进行统计分析,同时基于社会网络理论研究防治儿童青少年超重与肥胖的方法和干预策略。结果显示:①全球儿童青少年超重与肥胖均呈现社会性流行趋势与低龄化特征,其原因不仅有内在的生物学因素,还有多种社会环境因素;②肥胖会以社会网络方式在人际间传染或传播,而控制肥胖传播的关键是控制各网络群组的核心人物;③通过识别、分割、诱导等网络干预措施,利用社会网络的杠杆作用机制,有助于加速群组行为改变以及改善群组的表现。
By means of literature review and logical analysis, the study explored the influence factors of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents, and tried to provide the intervention strategies to prevent the overweight and obesity based on the theory of social networks. The results find that:1) The adolescent overweight and obesity is characteristic of social prevalence and early age worldwide, which has not only intrinsic biological factors but external social factors. 2) Obesity can be infectious or spread inter-personally, so it is key to control the core character of each network groups, which can effectively control the spread of obesity. 3) By means of network interventions such as identification, segmentation, and induction, etc., the leverage mechanism of social networks can be made use of to help accelerate the behavioral change and improve the performance of network groups.

关键词(KeyWords): 儿童青少年;肥胖;超重;社会网络干预;网络群组
children and adolescent;obesity;overweight;social network intervention;network groups

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家社会科学基金资助项目(16BTY029);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金资助项目(14YJ890015);江苏省社会科学基金资助项目(16TYB006)

作者(Author): 王军利;项立敏;张松奎;翟丰
WANG Junli; XIANG Limin; ZHANG Songkui; ZHAI Feng

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