上海体育学院学报

2019, (02) 77-85

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运动干预老年人跌倒研究的国际前沿热点与演化分析
Hot Spots and Evolution about Exercise Intervention of Fall in the Elderly Abroad

朱建明
ZHU Jianming

摘要(Abstract):

目的:探究当前运动干预老年人跌倒的国际研究热点及趋势。方法:基于Web of Science TM引文索引数据库核心合集,检索1991-2017年以运动干预老年人跌倒为研究主题的文献共2 901篇,借助科学知识图谱工具Cite Space V对文献进行科学计量分析。结果:国际有关运动干预老年人跌倒研究发文量持续递增,研究热点围绕老年人跌倒的流行病学研究及对不同类型老年人的平衡、步态、身体功能等方面进行抗阻力、平衡、全身振动、耐力训练等干预。结论:老年人跌倒问题持续受到重视与关注,运动干预老年人跌倒研究体现"体医融合"趋势,多种运动结合的干预方式对老年人防跌倒更有效。
The study explores the hotspot and tendency of international exercises intervention in the falls in the elderly people.The results show that there is an increasing tendency of research papers being published all around the world;countries that publish the most articles are United States,Australia,England and Canada,etc.Interdisciplinary studies are dominated by geriatrics,sports medicine and rehabilitation medicine.The research institutes are mainly made up of universities in the United States and Australia,and major research teams are formed by productive authors in the same region,and the regional cooperation can be obviously seen in Europe.The journals that publish these articles are mainly geriatrics and general medical ones.Fund projects reflect the sponsorship support of health related medical institutions in the United States,The research focuses on the epidemiological study of accidental falls in the elderly,as well as the interventions on resistance,balance,body vibration and endurance training on aspects of balance,gait,physical function of different types of the elderly.Conclusion proves that the fall problem of aged people has been paid much attention to.The study of exercise intervention on fall in the elderly reflects the trend of "sports are medicines",and intervention of multiple exercises is more effective on prevention on accidental falls in the elderly.

关键词(KeyWords): 老年人;跌倒;运动;研究热点;研究前沿
elderly;fall;exercises;hot spot;research fronts

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 华东政法大学科学研究项目(16HZK019)

作者(Author): 朱建明
ZHU Jianming

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