上海体育学院学报

2019, (06) 39-47

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公共教育支出与中小学生体质健康动态发展追踪——基于面板数据的分析
Dynamic Development of Public Education Expenditure and Primary and Secondary School Students' Physical Fitness: Based on Panel Data Analysis

张磊;隋晓梅;张洁;张岩
ZHANG Lei; SUI Xiaomei; ZHANG Jie; ZHANG Yan

摘要(Abstract):

选取国家统计局各省教育经费支出和人均GDP数据,以及教育部2000、2005、2010、2014年连续4个周期的中小学生体质健康数据,运用经典回归模型,研究经济发展背景下公共教育支出与学生体质健康动态发展的关系。结果显示:①政府公共教育支出可弥补经济水平落后地区学生体质健康水平的不足;②较高的公共教育支出能显著提升学生的体质健康水平;③由于政府公共教育支出水平与当前中国居民的普遍借贷约束,使得政策的最大受益者非低收入弱势群体。
This study conducted the analysis by making use of the data of "China Student Physique and Health Research Report" from 2000,2005,2010 and 2014,as well as the provincial education expenditure and per capita GDP data in various regions of our country.Employing the classical regression model,it explored the relationship between students' physical fitness,economics growth and public education expenditure.The study shows that the government's public education expenditure can make up for the lack of health level of students in the economically backward areas;and the relatively high level of expenditure on public education will significantly improve the student's physical fitness.Thirdly,the level of government public education expenditure and the general borrowing constraints of the current Chinese residents fail to make the low-income disadvantaged groups the biggest beneficiaries of the public policy.

关键词(KeyWords): 中小学生体质健康;公共教育支出;经济增长;面板数据;教育资源
primary and secondary school students' physical fitness;public education expenditure;economic growth;panel data analysis;education resource

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基金项目(Foundation): 北京市社会科学基金项目(15JYB019);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(15YJA890025)

作者(Author): 张磊;隋晓梅;张洁;张岩
ZHANG Lei; SUI Xiaomei; ZHANG Jie; ZHANG Yan

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