上海体育学院学报

2019, (06) 61-65

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服装颜色对运动员判断攻击性、公平性和获胜概率的影响
The Effect of Uniform Color on the Athletes' Judgement Towards Aggressiveness,Fairness,and Chance of Winning

王珉;章建成
WANG Min; ZHANG Jiancheng

摘要(Abstract):

目的 探讨运动情境下,运动员对不同服装颜色攻击性、公平性和获胜概率的判断,分析服装颜色对运动员认知态度的影响。方法 采集159名国家二级运动员的判断结果,采用单因素方差分析比较拳击、跆拳道和摔跤比赛中被试对3种服装颜色(红、蓝、绿)选择攻击性、公平性和获胜概率的均数差异。结果 ①在攻击性判断中,拳击、摔跤、跆拳道项目中选择红色服装和蓝色、绿色服装的概率之间均具有显著性差异。②在公平性的判断中,拳击、摔跤项目中选择红色服装和蓝色服装的概率之间具有显著性差异。③在获胜概率的判断中,拳击、跆拳道项目中选择红色服装和蓝色、绿色服装之间有显著差异;摔跤项目中选择红色服装和蓝色服装的概率之间有显著性差异。结论 在对抗性运动项目中,红色服装的运动员被认为具有较强的攻击性,获胜概率更大,更具有诚实比赛的品质和公平竞争的精神。
Objective: To investigate the impact of uniform color in boxing,taekwondo and wrestling on athletes' judgement towards aggressiveness,fairness and chance of winning.Method: Participants(N=159)were asked to give the judgement in 3 different colors of sports suits (red,blue and green),and one-way ANOVA analysis were adopted.Results: 1) In term of the judgement of aggressiveness,there is a significant difference in the selection of red,blue and green uniforms in boxing,wrestling and taekwondo.2) In term of the judgement of fairness,there is a significant difference between red uniform and blue uniform in boxing,so is in wresting.3) In term of the judgement of winning chance,there is a significant difference between red,blue and green uniform in boxing,so is in taekwondo,as well as between red and blue uniforms in wrestling.Conclusion: Athletes in red uniform were considered to have honest nature and fair spirit,and more aggressive and more likely to win in competitions.

关键词(KeyWords): 服装颜色;运动员;攻击性;公平性;获胜概率;判断
color of uniform;athlete;aggressiveness;fairness;chance of winning;judgement

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 上海市体育科学决策咨询研究项目(TYSKYJ20160);上海财经大学青年教师预研究项目(201711043)

作者(Author): 王珉;章建成
WANG Min; ZHANG Jiancheng

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