上海体育学院学报

2018, (06) 82-97

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近30年美国中小学体育教育发展现状及启示——基于《美国学校体育教育发展现状报告》的文本分析
The Current Situation of Physical Education Development in America in Recent 30 Years and Its Inspiration in China—Based on the Text Analysis of the SHAPE of the Nation Report

胡小清;唐炎;刘阳;王建
HU Xiaoqing; TANG Yan; LIU Yang; WANG Jian

摘要(Abstract):

以美国近30年发布的8份《美国学校体育教育发展现状报告》为依据,从管理体制、宏观政策、课程要求、体育评价、体育教师、体育经费和身体活动等方面,对近30年美国中小学体育教育发展现状进行梳理。结合我国中小学体育教育存在的问题,提出启示:完善学校体育管理体制,激发社会体育组织的参与热情;积极完善体育课程标准,加大体育课程开发力度;优化体育学习评价体系,注重培养学生体育素养;开展体育正面效应研究,提升体育学科认知水平;持续开展体育现状调查,定期发布调查研究报告;立足本土体育发展现状,辩证借鉴国外经验。
Based on eight copies of "The SHAPE of the Nation:Status of Physical Education in the USA" that were released in the United States in nearly 30 years, the study explored the current situation of physical education in primary and secondary schools from seven aspects of management, policy, curriculum, assessment, PE teacher, funding and physical activity. With the current situation of PE development in US, the inspirations from above were given to the PE in the schools of China, that is, to improve the management system of school physical education to stimulate the strength of social sports organizations; to promote the physical education curriculum standards to intensify the physical educational course development; to optimize the evaluation system of physical education learning to stress the students' physical literacy; to carry out the research on the positive effect to strengthen the cognition level of physical education;to carry out the continuous investigation of the status quo and regularly publish the research report;and to establish our country's situation of physical education with a dialectical view of foreign experience.

关键词(KeyWords): 美国学校体育教育发展报告;中小学体育教育;管理体制;课程标准;体育评价;体育素养
The SHAPE of the Nation Report;Status of Physical Education in USA;physical education in middle and primary school;management system;curriculum standards;evaluation of physical education;physical literacy

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家社会科学基金资助重点项目(18ATY008);上海市学校体育科研重点项目(HJTY-2017-A04)

作者(Author): 胡小清;唐炎;刘阳;王建
HU Xiaoqing; TANG Yan; LIU Yang; WANG Jian

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