上海体育学院学报

2020, (03) 36-45

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在传统与自觉之间:湘西村落女性参与传统体育的行为逻辑——兼与万义博士商榷
Between Tradition and Self-consciousness: The Behavioral Logic of Women's Participation in Traditional Sports in Xiangxi Village: A Discussion with Dr. WAN Yi

罗婉红;龙佩林;郭振华;王庆庆;马纯英;郭良如
LUO Wanhong; LONG Peilin; GUO Zhenhua; WANG Qingqing; MA Chunying; GUO Liangru

摘要(Abstract):

村落女性是当代湘西地区民族传统体育复兴的主要力量,女性的体育参与行为来自于主体意识的觉醒或短视性的工具理性行为。通过长期的田野调查、地方文献比对,并反思前人研究成果,认为:少数民族村落女性积极参与的传统体育项目均为自古以来其所拥有参与权的项目;当下她们参与集体性传统体育活动主观上有社交的需求,客观上得到村级行政机构的支持;她们热衷于参与公共空间的展演活动,并试图在文化融合中通过传统体育行为完成身份认同,其中,以女性精英分子的文化自觉为引领的代表性项目的复兴起到举足轻重的作用;男权社会的性别结构制约女性参与者的主体能动性,政府主导的传统体育复兴为女性提供更多参与机会,但过度的主导又极易伤害其自觉性。
Village women are considered the major forces of the revival of traditional national sports in contemporary Xiangxi area,and women's sports participation is derived either from the awakening from their subject consciousness or the short visual instrumental rational behavior.Through the study of the achievements of the predecessors,combined the field work and historical documents comparison,it is held that the traditional sports in which ethnic minority village women actively participate are those they have the right to participate in since ancient times.At present,they do it subjectively from social needs;or from village administration support objectively.They are keen to participate in exhibition activities in public spaces and try to achieve their identity through traditional sports behavior in cultural integration.The cultural consciousness of female elites plays a decisive role in the revival of representative sports,but the gender structure of male-dominated society restricts the initiative of female participants.The revival of traditional sports led by the government provides more opportunities for women,while excessive dominance can easily hurt their self-consciousness.

关键词(KeyWords): 传统体育;村落女性;参与行为;文化自觉;身份认同
traditional sports;village woman;participation behavior;cultural consciousness;identity recognition

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家社会科学基金后期资助项目(18FTY004);国家社会科学基金后期资助重点项目(19FTY001);湖南省社会科学基金项目(18JL03)

作者(Author): 罗婉红;龙佩林;郭振华;王庆庆;马纯英;郭良如
LUO Wanhong; LONG Peilin; GUO Zhenhua; WANG Qingqing; MA Chunying; GUO Liangru

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