上海体育学院学报

2019, (02) 63-68

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权力、身体与性别:中国近代女性学校体育实践
Power,Body and Gender: A Study on the Activities of Chinese Modern Women's School Physical Education

潘丽霞
PAN Lixia

摘要(Abstract):

作为国家规训女性身体的重要途径和技术,近代女性学校体育实践得到了空前重视与发展。从福柯的规训权力视角切入,以近代学校女性身体为研究对象,考察中国近代规训权力演绎下的女性学校体育实践。发现:女性学校体育实践在强化国家对女性身体控制的同时,促进了自身的发展和学校体育性别空间的重构,改变了女性体育发展的边缘化状态;但也存在异化女性身体的困境,在一定程度上消解女性学校体育实践的真正目的与意义。
The physical education activities started to be valued as a critical technique to transform women's bodies and thrived in schools in modern times.From Foucault's disciplinary perspective,this study takes modern school female bodies as research objects,and examines the female physical education activities in schools with the deduction of disciplinary powers in modern China.It discovers that female physical education activities in schools have strengthened government's control of women's bodies,promoted their own development and the reconstruction of gender space in school physical education,and changed the marginalized state of women's physical education development.Nonetheless,there also existed the dilemma of the alienation of women's bodies,which dissolved,to some extent,the real goal and purpose of female physical education activities in schools.

关键词(KeyWords): 权力;身体;女性体育;学校体育;规训;身体改造;近代
power;body;female physical education;school physical education;discipline;physical transformation;modern

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 山东省社会科学基金资助项目(16CLYJ16)

作者(Author): 潘丽霞
PAN Lixia

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