上海体育学院学报

2019, (02) 33-39,62

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人工智能时代体育新闻的版权之困与纾解之道——以腾讯机器记者为考察对象
Copyright Dilemma and Solution of Sports News in Artificial Intelligence Era-Taking Tencent's Robot Reporter as an Object

张惠彬
ZHANG Huibin

摘要(Abstract):

人工智能时代,机器记者新闻创作之版权适格性应就独创性、作者、权利范围等要件进行检测。分析腾讯机器记者的创作过程发现:从独创性的角度看,传统创作与机器记者的区别在于人类"精神含量"的高低;从作者的角度看,将其所有人视为作者是较为合适的做法;从权利保护角度看,应将软件所有人视为作者。认为:在我国现有版权法中,机器记者创作体育新闻的独创性应就个案而定;在具有独创性的前提下,适宜以法人作品对其进行规制;机器记者介入体育新闻报道越多,传统版权体系受到的冲击越大,我国对于人工智能创作物实有立法规制之必要。
In the era of artificial intelligence,robot journalists can automatically generate sports news under robot learning technology.However,the copyrightability of its creation needs to be tested in terms of originality,authorship,and scope of rights.From the perspective of "originality",the difference between traditional creation and robot reporters lies in the level of human "spiritual content".From the "author" point of view,it is more appropriate to treat its owner as an author.From the viewpoint of right protection,software owners should be regarded as authors.In China's existing copyright law,the originality of sports news created by robot reporters needs to be determined on a case-by-case basis.Under the premise of originality,it is appropriate to regulate it with legal person works.It can be predicted that the more news reporters get involved in sports news coverage,the greater the impact on the traditional copyright system.It is necessary to build legal regulations for artificial intelligence creations in China.

关键词(KeyWords): 机器记者;体育新闻;人工智能;版权;立法
robot reporter;sports news;artificial intelligence;copyright;regulation

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家社会科学基金资助青年项目(17CTY015)

作者(Author): 张惠彬
ZHANG Huibin

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