上海体育学院学报

2018, (06) 69-73,81

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美国“康村”武术的海外民族志研究
An Ethnographic Study on the Chinese Wushu Dissemination at the Ithaca of USA

龚茂富
GONG Maofu

摘要(Abstract):

采用海外民族志研究方法,以美国"康村"为田野调查点,揭示武术在海外传播面临的问题。认为:美国当地人在对武术进行理解、解码与编码的过程中,形成了"一体多元"的文化模式,"相异实用得奖,舞蹈化样式受罚"的现象凸显美国本土社会对武术普适性的接受与独特个性的不解,体现出武术在海外传播不得不面对、处理的"文化间性"问题。
The study makes a systemic analysis on Ithaca Wushu by the ethnography method. Base on the fieldwork in Ithaca, the study holds that the American Wushu cultural pattern reveals the mode of "plurality in a unity" during the understanding of decoding and encoding Wushu in America. The phenomenon of "the different and practical Wushu is praised; the competitive dance Wushu is undesired" shows the acceptance incomprehension by local people. It mirrors the "interculturality" that we have to deal with when we disseminate Wushu to the overseas countries.

关键词(KeyWords): 武术;传播;海外民族志;文化模式;文化间性;美国康村
Wushu;dissertation;ethnography;cultural pattern;interculturality;Ithaca of USA

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家社会科学基金资助青年项目(13CTY037);国家留学基金委公派全额资助美国康奈尔大学博士后研究项目(201308515182);国家社会科学基金资助重大项目(15ZDB145)

作者(Author): 龚茂富
GONG Maofu

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