上海体育学院学报

2019, (06) 88-95

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从个体失调到行为越轨:社会武术发展的失序与回归
From Individual Disorder to Behavior Deviance: Development Disorder and Correction of Social Wushu

韩青松;朱东
HAN Qingsong; ZHU Dong

摘要(Abstract):

社会武术发展中的失序现象是社会转型的"背景底色"与基层习武个体"肆意涂抹"共同建构的负面社会文化现象,对于社会武术有序发展构成威胁。从社会基层习武个体及其所处的草根文化空间出发探讨社会武术失序的生成逻辑。认为:社会基层习武个体失调与行为越轨是失序的具体表现;武术评价标准变迁造成习武个体自我身份感缺失而引发认同危机,身份认同驱动下的自贴标签实质是个体失调的行为表现;草根文化的缺陷诱发了习武个体的行为越轨,并呈现出无责任化、逐利化、物欲化、虚假化的失序倾向。提出:应推动社会武术行动主体自治,提升社会权威管治能力,强化社会规范的约束力,完善武术发展协调机制,实现社会武术有序发展。
The development disorder of social wushu is a negative social cultural phenomenon,which was jointly constructed by the background of social transformation and the disorder behaviors of grass-roots wushu individuals,and it constitutes a threat to the orderly development of social wushu.This paper discusses the generative logic of the development disorder of social wushu from the perspective of grass-roots wushu players and the cultural space in which they live.The study indicates that the individual maladjustment and behavioral deviance of grass-roots wushu individuals are the concrete manifestation of disorder.The lack of self-identity caused by the change of wushu evaluation standard resulted in the identity crisis.The self-labeling driven by the identity recognition is the behavioral manifestation of the individual maladjustment.The defects of the grass-roots culture induced the deviant conduct of wushu players and presented the unregulated,depleted,materialistic,and spurious disorder tendencies.It is imperative to promote the orderly development of social wushu by promoting self-governance of social wushu individuals,enhancing the ability of social authority and governance as well as the binding force of social norms,and improving the coordinated development mechanism of wushu.

关键词(KeyWords): 社会武术;失序;个体失调;草根文化;行为越轨;有序
social wushu;disorder;individual maladjustment;grass-roots culture;behavior deviance;orderliness

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家体育总局武术研究院院管课题重点项目(WSH2017A003);上海市科委课题(19080503200)

作者(Author): 韩青松;朱东
HAN Qingsong; ZHU Dong

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