上海体育学院学报

2020, (03) 55-64

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传播与变迁:太极拳在英国的发展历程与传播动力
Transmission and Transformation: The Historical Development and Communication Dynamics of Taiji Quan in the United Kingdom

马秀杰;高瞻;PaulBowman;姜传银
MA Xiujie; GAO Zhan; Paul Bowman; JIANG Chuanyin

摘要(Abstract):

通过分析与太极拳在英国传播相关的书籍、期刊、报纸以及网站等介质的文本内容,结合实地调研对太极拳在英国的传播历程以及传播与变迁的动力学因素进行研究。认为:太极拳在英国的传播过程可划分为“道教文化”启蒙阶段、“杨式太极”主导阶段、“多家流派”发展阶段;其传播变迁的动力学因素主要包括太极拳的健康和技击动力因素、中国香港的交流枢纽因素、“功夫热潮”的宣传动力因素、海外华人移民的传播动力因素、“改革开放”与“文化走出去”战略的政治动力因素等。
The texts of British books about Taiji Quan,journal articles,newspapers,magazines,and websites on this subject are analyzed,trying to invistigate the history of Taiji Quan in the UK,its spread and change as well as the dynamic factors of its diffusion and transformation,which holds that Taiji Quan in UK underwent three stages:the stage enlightenened by “Taoist culture”,the stage dominated by “Yang's Taiji Quan”,and the stage of “multiple schools” competition.Its transmission was mainly influenced by the following dynamic factors:the health-related motivations,Hong Kong's communication hub,the increased publicity from the “Kungfu craze”,martial arts immigrants,and the political dynamics of the “going out” strategy.

关键词(KeyWords): 太极拳;英国;传播;变迁;动力学因素;国际化
Taiji Quan;The United Kingdom;transmission;transformation;dynamic factor;internationalization

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家社会科学基金一般项目(17BTY109)

作者(Author): 马秀杰;高瞻;PaulBowman;姜传银
MA Xiujie; GAO Zhan; Paul Bowman; JIANG Chuanyin

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